Chatterton, Thomas

(1752-1770)
   Born in Bristol to a poor schoolmaster, he was considered a dull boy at school, but by the age of eight he was a pupil at Colston's Hospital, the bluecoat school at Bristol. He left the school at fifteen and was apprenticed to a Bristol attorney, but finding his position intolerable, with his master dismissive of him and his poetry, he went to London. Despair set in at his not being able to make a decent living. Half-starved, he ended his life with arsenic. His first poem, "On the Last Epiphany, or Christ coming to Judgment," was published in Felix Farley's Bristol Journal in 1763. Soon after that he paraphrased the ninth chapter of Job and several chapters of Isaiah. His poems were written in an imitation of medieval style and he invented an entire medieval setting to go with them. He even composed "historical" documents and made hundreds of drawings, including maps, to lend authenticity. Some of his other poems: "An African Song," "A Hymn for Christmas Day," "Minstrel's Song," "A New Song," "Chatterton's Will," "The Advice," "The Methodist."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition, 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). Many of Chatterton's poems are at Oldpoetry (www.oldpoetry.com). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The London Book of English Verse. Herbert Read, and Barbara Dobree, ed. MacMillan, 1952. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The New Oxford Book of English Verse, 1250-1950. Helen Gardner, ed. Oxford University Press, 1972. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Chatterton, Thomas — born Nov. 20, 1752, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Aug. 24, 1770, London English poet. At age 11 Chatterton wrote a pastoral eclogue on an old parchment and passed it off successfully as a 15th century work. Thereafter he created more poems… …   Universalium

  • Chatterton,Thomas — Chat·ter·ton (chătʹər tən), Thomas. 1752 1770. British poet who fooled scholars by ascribing his poetry to a 15th century monk, Thomas Rowley. Unable to support himself by writing, Chatterton became dejected and took his own life at age 18. His… …   Universalium

  • Chatterton, Thomas — (20 nov. 1752, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Inglaterra– 24 ago. 1770, Londres). Poeta inglés. A los 11 años, Chatterton escribió una égloga pastoril en un viejo pergamino y logró hacerla pasar por una obra del s. XV. A partir de entonces, escribió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Chatterton, Thomas — (1752 1770)    Poet, b. at Bristol, posthumous s. of a schoolmaster, who had been a man of some reading and antiquarian tastes, after whose death his mother maintained herself and her boy and girl by teaching and needlework. A black letter Bible… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • CHATTERTON, THOMAS —    a poet of great promise, had a tragic fate, born at Bristol, passed off while but a boy as copies of ancient MSS., and particularly of poems which he ascribed to one Rowley, a monk of the 17th century, what were compositions of his own,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Thomas Chatterton — Chatterton redirects here. For other uses, see Chatterton (disambiguation). Thomas Chatterton Born 20 November 1752 Bristol, England Died 24 August 1770( …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Rowley — Thomas Chatterton Thomas Chatterton Autres noms Thomas Rowley Activité(s) Poète Naissance 20 novembre 1752 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Chatterton — (* 20. November 1752 in Bristol; † 25. August 1770 in London) war ein englischer Dichter. Thomas Chatterton wurde als Sohn eines Küsters geboren und besuchte die Armenschule von Colston und schrieb mit elf Jahren bere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Chatterton — Nacimiento 20 de noviembre de 1752 Bristol, Inglaterra …   Wikipedia Español

  • CHATTERTON (T.) — CHATTERTON THOMAS (1752 1770) Poète anglais dont la renommée a sans doute dépassé l’importance d’une œuvre brutalement interrompue par une mort tragique. Le suicide à dix huit ans de Thomas Chatterton a certes contribué à accréditer le mythe du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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